Basic words and phrases
Pandunia is a constructed language that is designed to be relatively easy for everyone. You can learn it fast with this practical course.
English speakers will find it easy to make basic sentences in Pandunia as the word order is generally the same as in English, there are no definite or indefinite articles, no verb "to be", and no complicated rules about changing the form of words to express singular and plural or the tense of verbs.
The course consists of short lessons. Each lesson introduces one new word, which is used in several different phrases in the lesson. This is to teach you how the word works as part of sentences. Possibly you will encounter also other new words in the same lesson but don't worry about them! You don't have to learn all of them at once. Just memorize the phrases that are useful for you! Maybe the rest will go to your memory subconciously.
You can study this course together with one or several friends. Read the phrases together and try to make small conversations. You can also study alone. Even then it's useful to read out loud and create conversations. Repeat the same phrases several times today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow and so on. As they say, repetition is the mother of learning.
Note! Many lessons include also tips and notes like this. They are there to clarify grammatical details for those who are interested. You can skip over them if they are not helpful. You don't have to know the theory of the language. You can just speak Pandunia!
Part 1: Greeting and basics
salam greet, greeting
salam suba! Good morning!
salam den! Good day!
salam xam! Good evening!
salam noce! Good night!
salam yam! Bon appetit!
salam lai! Welcome!
salam ga! Goodbye!
salam safar! Have a safe journey!
salam some! Sleep well!
As you can see from the range of expressions, salam is a general word for well-wishing. Use it any time!
Salam is a popular greeting that is used by both religious and non-religious people in many different countries around the world.
Etymology. salam is from Arabic: سَلَام "salām", Hebrew: שָׁלוֹם "šalom", Turkish: selam, Hindi: सलाम "salām", Swahili: salaam, Indonesian: selamat.
poli xukre! Thanks a lot!
ya, xukre. Yes, thank you.
no, xukre. No, thank you.
xukre tu. Thank you.
mi xukre tu. I thank you.
mi xukre tu mede mi. I thank you for helping me.
xukre tu mede mi. Thanks for helping me.
no yau xukre. You're welcome. (Literally: No need to thank.)
si to be
The word si can be used also for stating something as a fact.
mi si Tomas. I am Thomas.
tu si Sara. You are Sarah.
aple si frute. The apple is a fruit.
Etimology. si is from Mandarin: 是 "shì", Shanghainese: 是 "sí".
mi I, me
mi si Sara. I'm Sarah.
mi si Tomas. I'm Thomas.
mi salam mama. I greet mother.
mi salam papa. I greet father.
The word salam is both a noun and a verb. The basic word order in Pandunia is subject–verb–object.
Sara ya salam Tomas. Sarah greets Thomas.
salam mama! Greetings, mother!
salam papa! Greetings, father!
Etymology. mi is from English: me, Hindi: मैं (meṇ), Spanish: me, French: me, Swahili: mimi.
tu si Tomas. You are Thomas.
mi salam tu. I greet you.
tu salam mi. You greet me.
Pronouns don't ever change their form in Pandunia. That's why mi is the same in subject and object positions while English has two different forms, 'I' and 'me'.
mi ama tu. I love you.
Etymology. tu is from Spanish: tu, Russian: ты (ty), Italian: tu, French: tu.
ye he, she or it
ye si man. He is a man.
ye si fem. She is a woman.
ye si aple. It is an apple.
ye is the general third person pronoun. It is used for people (irrespective of gender) as well as for things.
mi salam ye. I greet him/her.
Etymology. ye is from Swahili: yeye, Hindi यह (yeh).
sual to ask a question
sual tu si Tomas? Are you Thomas?
sual tu si dava ja? Are you a doctor?
Tip: Yes/no questions frequently begin with sual. It is just a regular verb, not a special question tag. In fact, the previous question is simply abbreviated from mi sual tu dava ja (I ask, you doctor?) by dropping out the first word.
sual tu bon?
How are you? (Literally: Are you good?)
mi bon. I'm good.
sual tu? And you?
mi no bon. I'm not good.
Etymology. sual is from Arabic سؤال (su'āl), Hindi सवाल (savāl), Malay soal, Swahili swali.
sual tu si Tomas? Are you Thomas.
ya, mi si Tomas. Yes, I am Thomas.
sual ye si dava ja? Is he/she a doctor?
ya, ye si dava ja. Yes, he is a doctor.
no no, not
mi no si Sara. I'm not Sarah.
mi no si dava ja. I'm not a doctor.
sual tu bon?
Are you well?
ya. mi bon. Yes, I'm well.
sual tu bon?
Are you well?
no, mi no bon. No, I'm not well.
You can use no to deny anything. It is placed before the word that is denied.
ye no salam mi. He/she doesn't greet me.
Etymology. no is from Spanish: no, English no, French: non.
Plural pronouns are created like this:
mi (I) → mimon (we)
tu (you) → tumon (you all)
ye (he, she, it) → yemon (they)
mimon salam tumon. We greet you all.
tumon salam yemon. You greet them.
yemon salam mimon! They greet us.
mimon si fem. We are women.
tumon si man. You are men.
yemon si aple. They are apples.
ke? what? who?
tu si ke?
Who are you?
mi si Tomas. I'm Thomas.
ye si ke?
Who is he/she?
ye si Sara. She is Sarah.
tumon si ke? Who are you people?
yemon si ke? Who are they?
Etymology. ke is from Spanish: qué, Portuguese: que, Italian: che, Bengali: কী "ke".
ni e go this and that
ni si ke? What's this?
ni si aple. This is an apple.
go si ke? What is that?
go si oranje. That is an orange.
ni si rubi aple. This is a red apple.
ni aple si rubi. This apple is red.
ni si rubi. This is red.
yemon a ke? Where are they?
yemon a ni. They are here.
yemon a go. They are there.
su 's (possessive particle)
ni si ke? What's this?
ye si mi su telefon. It's my telephone.
ni si ke su? Whose is this?
ye si mi su. It's mine.
Note: Possessive particle su is put between the owner and the owned thing. So mi su means "my", tu su means "your" and so on.
ye si ke? Who's he/she?
ye si mi su doste. He/she is my friend.
mi si Sara su doste. I am Sarah's friend.
Etymology. su English 's, Afrikaans se, Spanish su.
tu su nam si ke? What's your name?
mi su nam si Tomas. My name is Thomas.
ye su nam si ke? What is his/her name?
ye su nam si Sara. Her name is Sarah.
Etymology. nam is from Hindi: नाम "nām", Farsi: نام "nām", Thai: นาม "naam", Malay: nama, Japanese: 名前 "namae", German: Name, English: name.
mi ten un bon dom. I have a good house.
ye no ten pesa. He/she doesn't have money.
mi vol ten un nove telefon. I want to have a new phone.
sual tu ten yo ben?
Do you have children?
mi ten du ben. I have two children.
sabe to know
mi sabe ye. I know him/her/it.
sual tu sabe go jen? Do you know that person?
sual tumon sabe semon? Do you know each other?
mimon sabe semon ze long. We know each other for a long time.
mi yau yo mede. I need help.
sual tu bil mede mi? Can you help me?
sual mi bil mede tu? Can I help you?
mi vol mede tu. I want to help you.
Part 2: Eating
yam consume, eat, drink
sual tu vol yam yo? Would you like to eat something?
ye yam un aple. He/she eats an apple.
yemon yam ba aple. They eat apples.
Note: Unlike English, Pandunia doesn't have separate singular and plural forms. Therefore a word like aple can refer to one or more apples.
sual tu yam kafe? Do you drink coffee?
ya. mi yam kafe. Yes, I drink coffee.
Tip: Meaning of yam covers both eating and drinking. It can feel odd at first but soon you will see that it is quite handy! Usually the object of the verb tells is it about eating, drinking or both.
mi yam kafe e pang. I'm having coffee and bread.
sual tu vol yam? Would you like to eat?
tu vol yam ke? What would you like to eat?
Tip: While English puts the "what" at the beginning of a question, in Pandunia the word order is not affected by the ke.
mi vol yam kafe. I want to drink coffee.
sual tu vol yam cai?
Would you like to drink tea?
no. mi no vol cai. mi vol kafe. No, I don't want tea. I want coffee.
tu vol ke aple?
Which apple do you want?
ni rubi. This red one.
cing request, please
mi cing tu yam cai. I ask you to drink tea.
mi cing tu lai dom. I ask you to come home.
mi cing tu mede mi. I ask you to help me.
Tip: To make direct requests, drop all the pronouns.
cing yam cai. Please, have some tea!
cing yam kafe. Please, have some coffee!
cing lai dom. Please, come home!
cing mede mi. Please, help me.
haida yam! Let's eat!
haida ga yam! Let's go eat!
haida ga dom. Let's go home.
mi yau yo mede. I need help.
mi yau yam. I'm hungry.
sual tu yau yam? Are you hungry?
sual tu yau sui? Are you thirsty?
Part 3. Communication
maf sorry, pardon
maf! mi no aha. Sorry, I don't understand.
maf! ni si ke? Excuse me, what's this?
maf. tu su nam si ke? Excuse me, what's your name?
sual tu aha mi? Do you understand me?
mi aha. I understand.
maf. mi no aha tu. Sorry. I don't understand you.
mi no bas aha tu. I didn't quite understand you.
mi aha nol. I don't understand at all.
mi bil xofer un kar. I can drive a car.
ye no bil xofer un kar. He/she doesn't know how to drive a car.
sual tu bil xuli ye? Do you know how to fix it?
sual tu bil pandunia? Can you speak Pandunia?
mi bil pandunia. I can speak Pandunia.
mi bil lili de pandunia. I can speak a little Pandunia.
mi no bil englix. I can't speak English.
maf. mi no bil tu su baxa. Sorry, I can't speak your language.
loge to say, speak, talk
tu loge ke? What did you say?
mi loge do tu. I talk to you.
mimon loge do semon. We talk to each other.
mon loge "cat" a ke yang a pandunia? How do you say "cat" in Pandunia?
"cat" si ke a pandunia? What is "cat" in Pandunia?
mau loge miau. Cat says meow.
aude to listen, hear
aude mi! Listen to me!
mi no bil aude tu. I can't hear you.
cing loge max like. Please speak louder.
mi aude muzike. I listen to music.
tu aude ke yang di muzike? What kind of music do you listen to?
vide to see
suka vide tu. Pleased to see you!
vide tu re! See you again!
vide tu a pos den! See you tomorrow!
mi vide ye a preden. I saw him/her yesterday.
seme to mean
ni lexe ya seme ke? What does this word mean?
"mau" ya seme ke? What does "mau" mean?
ye seme un yang de zou. It means a kind of animal.
mi no aha ye seme ke. I don't understand what it means.
cing kitabe tu su adres. Please, write your address.
cing kitabe ye a ni. Please, write it here!
baxe speak a language, communicate
sual tumon baxe pandunia. Do you speak Pandunia?
mimon baxe pandunia. We speak Pandunia.
sual tu bil baxe englix? Can you speak English?
franse, espanya, portugal, rus French, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian
putong han, nipon, malayu Chinese, Japanese, Malay
arabi, turki, farsi, urdu, hindi Arabic, Turkish, Farsi, Urdu, Hindi
suahili, hausa, yoruba, amare Swahili, Hausa, Yoruba, Amharic
Part 4. Going around
ga to go
tu ga ke? Where are you going?
mi ga la dom. I'm going home.
mi mus ga ke? Where should I go?
mi mus ga do ke jen? To whom should I go?
haida ga! Let's go!
haida ga a fute Let's go by foot!
lai to come
cing lai! Come here!
tu lai ze ke? Where do you come from?
mi lai ze Dubai. I come from Dubai.
mi lai dom a pos den. I will come home tomorrow.
safar to travel
sual tu safar a tren? Do you travel by train?
mimon safar ze London do Paris. We travel from London to Paris.
safar tre long. The voyage is very long.
a in, on, at
la hotel a ke? Where is the hotel?
la hotel a go dau. The hotel is on that road.
tu a ke? Where are you?
mi a dom. I'm at home.
ye a ke? Where is he/she?
ye side a kamar. He/she sits in the room.
Tip! You can use a as a preposition or alone as the verb.
mi gong a... I work at ...
dom to live, reside
tu dom a ke? Where do you live?
mi dom a Singapur. I live in Singapore.
sual tu dom a ni hotel? Do you live in this hotel?
dele to wait
cing dele! Please wait!
dele do mi! Wait for me!
yemon dele do mimon. They wait for us.
mi dele do tu a hotel. I wait for you in the hotel.
Part 5. Time expressions
mi zai salam tu su doste.
I am greeting your friend.
la man ya zai vide un filme.
The man is watching a film.
ye zai si xefe.
He or she is currently the chief.
ye zai a dom.
He or she is currently at home.
pas in the past
mi pas salam tu su doste.
I greeted your friend.
la man ya pas vide un filme fem.
The man watched a film.
ye pas si xefe.
He or she was the chief.
ye pas a dom.
He or she was at home.
le already, completed
mi le salam tu su doste.
I have greeted your friend.
la man le vide un filme.
The man has watched a film.
ye le si xefe.
He or she has been the chief.
ye le a la dom.
He or she has been at home.
xa in the future
mi xa salam tu su doste.
I will greet your friend.
la man xa vide la filme.
The man will watch the film.
ye xa si xefe.
He or she will be the chief.
ye xa a dom.
He or she will be at home.
Part 6. Doing business
cing don yo pesa. Please give some money.
cing don ye do mi. Please give it to me.
mi don ni do tu. I give this to you.
mi don buke do yemon. I give a book to them.
ye no vol don ye do mi. He/she doesn't want to give it to me.
kape take, get
mi kape un kafe. I will take a coffee.
cing kape un kafe do mi. Please take one coffee for me.
tu pas kape pesa ze mi. You already got money from me before.
mi kape un bir. I will take a beer.
kire rent, lease, hire
kire si 500 dolar a lun.
The rent is 500 dollars in a month.
ye no bil pei la kire.
He/she can't pay the rent.
mi vol kape un gar a kire.
I want to take a car for rent.
mi vol kire kape un kar. I want to rent a car.
ye kire don la kamar do safarer. He/she rents rooms to travelers.