Only one form

A noun is a word that names a thing. Like all words in Pandunia, nouns don't ever change their form. So the same form is used in singular and plural, in definite and indefinite, etc.

seku – a stone, stones, the stone or the stones
meza – a table, tables, the table or the tables
kursi – a chair, chairs, the chair or the chairs
sui – water

Number and definiteness are often known because they were previously mentioned in the conversation or because they are general knowledge. For example, normally the word sol refers to the sun and luna refers to the moon, our only sun and moon.

Indicating number

Pandunia nouns have the same form in singular (when there is one) and plural (when there is more than one). Therefore all Pandunia nouns are like English words sheep, deer and fish, which also have only one form.

A numeral or another quantity word can be added to indicate number – but usually it's not necessary. Simply insert a numeral in front of the unchanged noun.

meme – (one or more) sheep
un meme – a sheep or one sheep
du meme – two sheep
tri meme – three sheep
ba meme – many sheep

kursi – a chair or chairs
un kursi – one chair
du kursi – two chairs
tri kursi – three chairs
ba kursi – many chairs

An easy way to say that there are many is to repeat the noun two times.

seku seku – stones and stones, a variety of stones
buke buke – books and books, a variety of books

Proper names

Proper names are nouns for individual people, places and other things.

Names of people can be tagged with the universal title of respect xi. Using it shows respect and politeness.

It can be used in formal and informal situations and for all age groups, social groups and genders. The closest translation for it in English is Mr or Ms or Mx.

There are different customs concerning honorific titles in different cultures. In some cultures it is not polite to use someone's name without a title of respect. Therefore it is advisable to use xi always when you meet new people from different cultures.

A title of respect can be used with a given name, a family name, or both.

xi Bili King – Mx Billy King
xi Bili – Mx Billy
xi King – Mx King

Compound words

Two or more nouns can be put together to make a compound word. The last word is the most meaningful word in the compound, and the words that come before it only modify the meaning.

sol foto – sun light
luna foto – moon light
luna seku – moon stone