Basic words and phrases

Introduction

Pandunia is a constructed language that is designed to be relatively easy for everyone. You can learn it fast with this practical course.

English speakers will find it easy to make basic sentences in Pandunia as the word order is generally the same as in English, there are no definite or indefinite articles, no verb "to be", and no complicated rules about changing the form of words to express singular and plural or the tense of verbs.

The course consists of short lessons. Each lesson introduces one new word, which is used in several different phrases in the lesson. This is to teach you how the word works as part of sentences. Possibly you will encounter also other new words in the same lesson but don't worry about them! You don't have to learn all of them at once. Just memorize the phrases that are useful for you! Maybe the rest will go to your memory subconciously.

You can study this course together with one or several friends. Read the phrases together and try to make small conversations. You can also study alone. Even then it's useful to read out loud and create conversations. Repeat the same phrases several times today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow and so on. As they say, repetition is the mother of learning.

Note! Many lessons include also tips and notes like this. They are there to clarify grammatical details for those who are interested. You can skip over them if they are not helpful. You don't have to know the theory of the language. You can just speak Pandunia!

Part 1: Greeting and basics

salam greet, greeting

🙋‍

salam Hello!

salam sube! Good morning!

salam den! Good day!

salam xam! Good evening!

salam noce! Good night!

salam niame! Bon appetit!

salam lay! Welcome!

salam cute! Goodbye!

salam safare! Have a safe journey!

salam sone! Sleep well!

As you can see from the range of expressions, salam is a general word for well-wishing. Use it any time!

Salam is a popular greeting that is used by both religious and non-religious people in many different countries around the world.

Etymology. salam is from Arabic: سَلَام‏ "salām", Hebrew: שָׁלוֹם‏ "šalom", Turkish: selam, Hindi: सलाम "salām", Swahili: salaam, Indonesian: selamat.

danke thanks

🙏

danke! Thanks!

multo danke! Thanks a lot!

si, danke. Yes, thank you.

no, danke. No, thank you.

danka te. Thank you.

me danka te. I thank you.

me danka te helpa me. I thank you for helping me.

danka te helpa me. Thanks for helping me.

te keci. You're welcome. (Literally: You're polite.)

me I, me

🗨️🧑

me sarah. I'm Sarah.

me tomas. I'm Thomas.

You can introduce yourself simply by saying me and your name. You don't need a verb for saying it in Pandunia!

me salama mame. I greet mother.

me salama pape. I greet father.

The word salam is a noun and salama is the corresponding verb. The basic word order in Pandunia is subject-verb-object.

sarah salama tomas. Sarah greets Thomas.

salam mame! Greetings, mother!

salam pape! Greetings, father!

Etymology. me is from English: me, Hindi: मैं (meṇ), Spanish: me.

te you

🗣️👉👤

te tomas. You are Thomas.

me salama te. I greet you.

te salama me. You greet me.

Pronouns don't ever change their form in Pandunia. That's why me is the same in subject and object positions while English has two different forms, 'I' and 'me'.

me ama te. I love you.

Etymology. te is from Hungarian: te, Russian: ты (ty), Italian: te, French: te.

le he, she or it

👥🗣️👉👤

le man. He is a man.

le fem. She is a woman.

le aple. It is an apple.

le is the general third person pronoun. It is used for people (irrespective of gender) as well as for things.

me salama le. I greet him/her.

Etymology. le is from French: elle, Spanish: él.

eska to ask a question

🤔❓

eska te tomas? Are you Thomas?

eska te dotore? Are you a doctor?

Tip: Yes/no questions frequently begin with eska. It is just a regular verb, not a special question tag. In fact, the previous question is simply abbreviated from me eska te dotore. (I ask, you doctor?) by dropping out the first word.

eska te bon? How are you? (Literally: Are you good?)
me bon. I'm good.
eska te? And you?
me no bon. I'm not good.

Etymology. eska is from French: est-ce que /ɛskə/, Haitian Creole: èske, English: ask.

si yes

👍

eska te tomas? Are you Thomas.

si, me tomas. Yes, I am Thomas.

eska le dotore? Is he/she a doctor?

si, le dotore. Yes, he is a doctor.

The word si can be used also for stating something as a fact. Then it is used in place of "to be".

me si tomas. I am Thomas.

te si sarah. You are Sarah.

aple si pale. The apple is a fruit.

Etymology. si is from Spanish: sí, Portuguese: sim, Mandarin: 是 "shì", Shanghaiese: 是 "sí".

no no, not

👎

me no sarah. I'm not Sarah.

me no dotore. I'm not a doctor.

eska te bon? Are you well?
si. me bon. Yes, I'm well.

eska te bon? Are you well?
no. me no bon. No, I'm not well.

You can use no to deny anything. It is placed before the word that is denied.

le no salama me. He/she doesn't greet me.

Etymology. no is from Spanish: no, English no, French: non.

Plurals

Plural pronouns are created like this: me (I) → mome (we)
te (you) → tote (you all)
le (he, she, it) → lole (they)

mome salama tote. We greet you all.

tote salama lole. You greet them.

lole salama mome! They greet us.

mome fem. We are women.

tote man. You are men.

lole aple. They are apples.

ke? what? who?

ke? What?

te ke? Who are you?
me tomas. I'm Thomas.

le ke? Who is he/she?
le sarah. She is Sarah.

tote ke? Who are you people?

lole ke? Who are they?

Etymology. ke is from Spanish: qué, Portuguese: que, Italian: che, Bengali: কী "ki".

ye e we this and that

ye ke? / ke ye? What's this?

ye aple. This is an apple.

we ke? / ke we? What is that?

we oranje. That is an orange.

ye kirmi aple. This is a red apple.

yi aple kirmi. This apple is red.

Note: When an adjective, like kirmi, is placed before a noun, it works as a modifier. When it follows the noun, it works as an adjectival verb.

ye kirmi. This is red.

Note: The demonstrative pronouns have two forms. Forms ye and we are used when they stand alone. Forms yi and wi are used when they modify another noun.

lole sa ke? Where are they?

lole sa we. They are there.

mome sa ye. We are here.

du 's (possessive particle)

ye ke? What's this?

ye me du fone. It's my phone.

ye ke du? Whose is this?

ye mi. It's mine.

Note: Possessive particle du is put between the owner and the owned thing. So me du means "my", te du means "your" and so on.

le ke? Who's he/she?

le si mi doste. He/she is my friend.

me si sarah du doste. I am Sarah's friend.

Etymology. du Mandarin: 的 (de).

name name

ti name ke? What's your name?

mi name tomas. My name is Thomas.

li name ke? What is his/her name?

li name sarah. Her name is Sarah.

Etymology. name is from Hindi: नाम "nām", Farsi: نام‏‎ "nām", Thai: นาม "naam", Indonesian: nama, Japanese: 名前 "namae", German: Name, English: name.

tena have

me tena bon dome. I have a good house.

le no tena pese. He/she doesn't have money.

me wana tena novi fone. I want to have a new phone.

eska te tena bace? Do you have children?
me tena dul bace. I have two children.

jana to know

me jana le. I know him/her.

eska te jana wi ren? Do you know that person?

eska tote jana unale? Do you know each other?

mome jana unale ca long. We know each other for long.

helpe help

me nida helpe. I need help.

eska te abla helpa me? Can you help me?

eska me abla helpa te? Can I help you?

me wana helpa te. I want to help you.

Part 2: Eating

niama consume, eat, drink

eska te wana niama koy? Would you like to eat something?

le niama aple. He/she eats an apple.

lole niama aple. They eat apples.

Note: Unlike English, Pandunia doesn't have separate singular and plural forms. Therefore a word like aple can refer to one or more apples.

eska te niama kafe? Do you drink coffee?

me niama kafe. I drink coffee.

Tip: Meaning of niama covers both eating and drinking. It can feel odd at first but soon you will see that it is quite handy! Usually the object of the verb tells is it about eating, drinking or both.

me niama kafe e pang. I'm having coffee and bread.

wana want

eska te wana niama? Would you like to eat?

te wana niama ke? What would you like to eat?

Tip: While English puts the "what" at the beginning of a question, in Pandunia the word order is not affected by the ke.

me wana niama kafe. I want to drink coffee.

eska te wana niama cay? Would you like to drink tea?
no. me no wana cay. me wana kafe. No, I don't want tea. I want coffee.

te wana ki aple? Which apple do you want?
yi ros. This red one.

pliza request, please

me pliza te niama cay. I ask you to drink tea.

me pliza te laya dome. I ask you to come home.

me pliza te helpa me. I ask you to help me.

Tip: To make direct requests, drop all the pronouns.

pliza niama cay. Please, have some tea!

pliza niama kafe. Please, have some coffee!

pliza laya dome. Please, come home!

pliza helpa me. Please, help me.

haida let's

haida niama! Let's eat!

haida gowa niama! Let's go eat!

haida gowa dome. Let's go home.

nida need

me nida helpe. I need help.

me nida niama. I'm hungry.

eska te nida niama? Are you hungry?

eska te nida suy? Are you thirsty?

Part 3. Communication

pardon sorry, pardon

pardon! me no aha. Sorry, I don't understand.

pardon! ye ke? Excuse me, what's this?

pardon. ti name ke? Excuse me, what's your name?

aha understand

eska te aha me? Do you understand me?

me aha. I understand.

pardon. me no aha te. Sorry. I don't understand you.

me no baso aha te. I didn't quite understand you.

me aha nole. I don't understand at all.

abla can

me abla xofa gare. I can drive a car.

le no abla xofa gare. He/she doesn't know how to drive a car.

eska te abla xula le? Do you know how to fix it?

eska te abla pandunia? Can you speak Pandunia?

me abla pandunia. I can speak Pandunia.

me abla lilo pandunia. I can speak a little Pandunia.

me no abla engli. I can't speak English.

pardon. me no abla ti baxe. Sorry, I can't speak your language.

loga to say, speak, talk

te loga ke? What did you say?

me loga pa te. I talk to you.

mome loga pa unale. We talk to each other.

ze loga "cat" sa ki yange sa pandunia? How do you say "cat" in Pandunia?

"cat" logu ko sa pandunia? How is "cat" said in Pandunia?

maw loga miaw. Cat says meow.

auda to listen, hear

auda me! Listen to me!

me no abla auda te. I can't hear you.

pliza loga forti. Please speak louder.

me auda musike. I listen to music.

te auda ki yange du musike? What kind of music do you listen to?

vida to see

suku vida te. Pleased to see you!

vida te repo! See you again!

vida te badoden! See you tomorrow!

me vida le predoden. I saw him/her yesterday.

mena to mean

yi loge mena ke? What does this word mean?

"maw" mena ke? What does "maw" mean?

le mena yange da hewan. It means a kind of animal.

me no aha le mena ke. I don't understand what it means.

kitaba write

pliza kitaba ti adrese. Please, write your address.

pliza kitaba le sa ye. Please, write it here!

baxa speak a language, communicate

eska tote abla baxa pandunia. Can you speak Pandunia?

mome abla baxa pandunia. We can speak Pandunia.

eska te abla baxa engli? Can you speak English?

fransi, espani, portugali, rusi French, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian

cini, niponi, indonesi Chinese, Japanese, Indonesian

arabi, turki, farsi, urdi, hindi Arabic, Turkish, Farsi, Urdu, Hindi

swahili, hausi, yorubi, amari Swahili, Hausa, Yoruba, Amharic

Part 4. Going around

gowa to go

te gowa ke? Where are you going?

me gowa dome. I'm going home.

me bixu gowa ke? Where should I go?

me bixu gowa pa ki ren? To whom should I go?

haida gowa! Let's go!

haida gowa sa fute Let's go by foot!

laya to come

pliza laya! Come here!

te laya ca ke? Where do you come from?

me laya ca dubay. I come from Dubai.

me laya dome badoden. I will come home tomorrow.

safara to travel

eska te safara sa tren? Do you travel by train?

mome safara ca london pa paris. We travel from London to Paris.

safare multo longi. The voyage is very long.

sa in, on, at

hotel sa ke? Where is the hotel?

hotel sa wi daw. The hotel is on that road.

te sa ke? Where are you?

me sa dome. I'm at home.

le sa ke? Where is he/she?

le sida sa kamare. He/she sits in the room.

Tip! You can use sa as a preposition or alone as the verb.

me werka sa... I work at ...

doma to live, reside

te doma ke? Where do you live?

me doma singapur. I live in Singapore.

eska te doma yi hotel? Do you live in this hotel?

Tip: It is also okay to say te doma sa ke? instead of te doma ke. However doma already covers the meaning of being at somewhere, so sa is not necessary.

denga to wait

pliza denga! Please wait!

denga me! Wait for me!

lole denga mome. They wait for us.

me denga te sa hotel. I wait for you in the hotel.

Part 5. Time expressions

zayo currently

me zayo salama ti doste.
I am greeting your friend.

man zayo vida fem.
The man is looking at the woman.

le zayo xefe.
He or she is currently the chief.

le zayo sa dome.
He or she is currently at home.

paso in the past

me paso salama te du doste.
I greeted your friend.

man paso vida fem.
The man looked at the woman.

le paso xefe.
He or she was the chief.

le paso sa dome.
He or she was at home.

lewo already, completed

me lewo salama ti doste.
I have greeted your friend.

man lewo vida fem.
The man has looked at the woman.

le lewo xefe.
He or she has been the chief.

le lewo sa dome.
He or she has been at home.

wilo (future action)

me wilo salama ti doste.
I will greet your friend.

man wilo vida fem.
The man will see the woman.

le wilo xefe.
He or she will be the chief.

le wilo sa dome.
He or she will be at home.

Part 6. Doing business

dona give

pliza dona pese. Please give some money.

pliza dona le pa me. Please give it to me.

me dona ye pa te. I give this to you.

me dona buke pa lole. I give a book to them.

le no wana dona le pa me. He/she doesn't want to give it to me.

kapa take, get

me kapa un kafe. I will take a coffee.

pliza kapa un kafe pa me. Please take one coffee for me.

te lewo kapa pese ca me. You already got money from me.

me kapa un bire. I will take a beer.

kire rent, lease, hire

kire si 500 dolar sa mes.
The rent is 500 dollars in a month.

le no abla peya kire.
He/she can't pay the rent.

me wana kapa un gare sa kire.
I want to take a car for rent.

me wana kirokapa un gare. I want to rent a car.

le kirodona kamare pa safarer. He/she rents rooms to travelers.